Treatment and Recovery National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

By: Flaka Ismaili    December 1, 2023

Drug use can have significant and damaging short-term and long-term effects. Taking some drugs can be particularly risky, especially if you take high doses or combine them with other drugs or alcohol. People use cannabis by smoking, eating or inhaling a vaporized form of the drug.

  • But it’s being used in a lot of different settings, the most concerning of which is non-health care settings.
  • Creative activities like painting, sculpting, music, and writing can help people express their feelings and experiences in safe and healthy ways.
  • It can involve behaviors that provide opportunities for immediate reward.
  • As with adults, teenage drug abuse isn’t limited to illegal drugs.
  • Your healthcare provider should review your treatment plan with you and change it based on your changing needs.
  • An adult (especially seniors or people taking many medications) can mistakenly ingest the incorrect medication or take the wrong dose of a medication.

It may help to get an independent perspective from someone you trust and who knows you well. You can start by discussing your substance use with your primary care provider. Or ask for a referral to a specialist in drug addiction, such as a licensed alcohol and drug counselor, or a psychiatrist or psychologist. While patients addicted to opioids may develop a tolerance for all other side effects, constipation, and miosis remain constant after the dosage. Therefore, providers should screen patients with these side effects before signs and symptoms of respiratory depression.

Behavioural Therapy

If a person uses as much of the drug as they did before quitting, they can easily overdose because their bodies are no longer adapted to their previous level of drug exposure. An overdose happens when the person uses enough of a drug to produce uncomfortable feelings, life-threatening symptoms, or death. The chronic nature of addiction means that for some people relapse, or a return to drug use after an attempt to stop, can be part of the process, but newer treatments are designed to help with relapse prevention. Relapse rates for drug use are similar to rates for other chronic medical illnesses. If people stop following their medical treatment plan, they are likely to relapse. Millions of readers rely on for free, evidence-based resources to understand and navigate mental health challenges.

The exact type of medication given during detox depends on the recovering person’s drug of choice. The fifth edition (DSM-5) was published in 2013 and changed the terminology from substance abuse, addiction, and alcoholism to Substance Use Disorder (SUD), which encompasses both drugs and alcohol. While different types of substances can cause various signs and symptoms, being addicted to any type what is drug addiction of substance results in the same action on the addiction center in the brain. This article discusses the types and symptoms of substance use disorders, as well as how it’s diagnosed and treated. Although different drugs have different physical effects, the symptoms of addiction are similar. If you recognize yourself in the following signs and symptoms, talk to someone about your drug use.

What are the signs of addiction?

These drugs are not all in the same category, but they share some similar effects and dangers, including long-term harmful effects. As time passes, you may need larger doses of the drug to get high. As your drug use increases, you may find that it’s increasingly difficult to go without the drug. Attempts to stop drug use may cause intense cravings and make you feel physically ill. The grip which a drug addiction has on a person can lead them to abandon their family, give up on their dream and goals and even compromise their integrity, all in a exchange for the next high. The emergency and referral resources listed above are available to individuals located in the United States and are not operated by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

The sooner you act and seek help, the greater your chances of finding long-term recovery. Accidental overdoses happen when people take higher doses of prescription medication than originally intended to achieve certain results or use too much of an illegal drug to get a better high. Drug use, when addiction takes hold, is compulsive and difficult to control, despite its harmful consequences. In maintenance therapy, a prescribed medication (like methadone) is substituted for a highly addictive drug (like heroin) to prevent withdrawal and cravings, and as part of a harm-reduction strategy. You spend a lot of time using and thinking about drugs, figuring out how to get them, or recovering from the drug’s effects.